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What Diet Should Be Taken By Thyroid Patients?

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Having a thyroid disorder is taxing on the body. When one has hypothyroidism, the thyroid gland does not make enough thyroid hormones.
These thyroid hormones are necessary for other organs in the body to function well and stay healthy. People with hypothyroidism experience weight gain, constipation, fatigue, feel sluggish all the time, some feel depressed, experience mood swings, etc. as consequence. There are times when medications alone are not enough to manage the associated symptoms.

One needs to plan and consume a diet which is thyroid gland friendly and nourishes the body. Below are some ideas on a healthy diet for a hypothyroidism patient and suggestions for the best foods to include in your diet.

The above alternatives are rich in plant protein fiber. They will help maintain healthy sugar levels throughout the day, keep you satiated for long and will promote healthy bowel movements too. You can incorporate the alternatives into your meals through some of the dishes suggested below:

Up your legume intake
Black-eyed peas, chickpeas, Bengal gram, kidney beans, chana dal, masoor dal and whole black gram. Upping the legume intake is common in a thyroid diet for weight loss. Legumes are a rich source of plant protein, complex carbs, fiber, rich in minerals like magnesium, iron, manganese, copper, iron. They are naturally low in fat (free of saturated fats) and are cholesterol free being plant-based protein source. Make sure you soak them over night before you cook them to make them more digestible.

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Here are ways in which you can incorporate them on your meals:

Eat nuts and seeds
Walnuts are a great source of Omega 3 fatty acids which are good for the brain health, reduces body stress and boost energy. Almonds and cashews are a rich source of Iron.
Brazil nut is noteworthy. It is one of the best foods to include for Thyroid patients. It has more mineral content than any other nut. Its high in Selenium content. Selenium is needed to stimulate the thyroid gland and stimulate the production of thyroid hormones.

IMPORTANT NOTE: Make sure you do not consume more that 1 or 2 per day. Having more than 1 or 2 per day is harmful and it can lead to selenium toxicity.


Seeds like flax seeds, sunflower seeds, pumpkin seeds, chia seeds (protein rich) are full of fiber that can help relieve the constipation associated with hypothyroidism, they are a rich source of zinc, selenium, iron, and omega fatty acids. Seeds are also a great and natural way to balance and calm hormones in the body.

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How can you incorporate them into your daily diet?

Up your vegetable and fruit intake
Vegetables and fruits are a great source of vitamins, minerals and fiber. The water in them cools the body. Including leafy greens like spinach and kale in the diet is a must. There are some vegetables like cauliflower, cabbage, broccoli, radish, kale which need to be consumed in moderation or avoided as much as possible. They contain goitrogens which can make the thyroid gland produce less of the hormone. Make sure you cook these vegetables before you consume them. Cooking destroys goitrogens. You should have at least 1 serving of fruits every day. Consume it like a mid-day snack.

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How can you include fruits and vegetables in your diet?

Other tips

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