A urinary tract infection, or UTI, is an infection in any part of your urinary system, which includes your kidneys, bladder, ureters, and urethra.
The majority of UTIs are caused by bacteria, though they may also be caused by fungi or viruses. Urinary tract infection (UTI) occurs when pathogenic bacteria enter the urethra and cause infection and inflammation.
The symptoms of a urinary tract infection usually depend on which part of the urinary system is infected. Lower-tract UTIs typically manifest in the strong, frequent urge to urinate, cloudy or bloody urine, a burning sensation when urinating, and bright red or pink-colored urine.
Common symptoms of upper-tract UTIs include pain in the lower back, nausea, fever, chills, and vomiting. Women are more likely to get UTIs because of the length and location of the urethra in women increases the CHANCES OF UTIs. The urethra in women is very close to both the vagina and the anus.
Bacteria that may naturally occur around both the vagina and anuscan lead to infection in the urethra and the rest of the urinary tract.
Practicing good hygiene habits is essential for preventing urinary tract infections.
You can reduce the risk of developing a UTI by:
- Drinking plenty of fluids
- Wiping from front to back after urinating and bowel movements.
- Avoid holding urine for long periods of time.
- Prolonged exposure to moisture in the genital area – such as a wet swimsuit – should also be avoided. Wearing cotton underwear and loose-fitting clothing to keep the area around the urethra dry.